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Presentations

Photographs

Environmental Sensing

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This is a weather-proof capsule for outdoor deployment a CO2 and a temperature sensors. (From left) The electronics inside the capsule. They include the sensors and a Mica-2 wireless node. At the bottom (top right photograph) has two holes to allow air to enter. The capsule has a cap (bottom left photograph) that blocks rain from entering. The cap does not seal the top; instead, air can flow under the cap. The air channel from the bottom to the cap. (bottom right photograph) The capsule was deployed outside our lab for two weeks in July 2008. Two thunderstorms occurred during these two weeks and the sensors continuously measured the CO2 level and the temperature. The antenna is protected inside the capsule in this deployment.

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The sensors are deployed to measure and record the fluctuation of outdoor CO2 levels. It is well known that motor vehicles emit CO2. However, it is not well understood how much CO2 levels fluctuate after one vehicle passes. This project is supported by NSF CNS-0509394.

Distributed Beamforming

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This project studies how to create directive electromagnetic waves using distributed sensor nodes whose locations are not known in advance. Moreover, each node has it own clock. The main challenge is developing a set of beamforming algorithms that can tolerate the uncertainty of nodes’ locations, frequencies, and phase differences. The photographs show the experiments to validate our preliminary results of beamforming algorithms. The experiments were conducted outdoors to reduce the interference of reflective waves. This project is supported by NSF CNS-0721873.

Measuring Energy Consumption

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Reducing Energy for Transmitting Images

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By reducing the textures, the second image is 35% smaller. It saves energy for transmission and storage. Both images are compressed using JPEG. Please see the video for more explanation.

Mobile Robots

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